Greens online on oil and gas announcement

It would help to have some plans in place for ‘NZ’s innovation’.  Ditching oil without having a viable replacement could be a disaster. Just stopping drilling won’t make ‘innovation’ magically happen.

The economy may well fall over if New Zealand followed the Green prescription on oil and gas.

That doesn’t make sense from bridges.

So what is the Green transition plan for weaning ourselves off oil and gas?  Like, a plan, not some policy ideals.

Greens do a good job at promoting alternative views, but they do a bad job of explaining what any viable alternatives would actually be.

I would really like to see a fossil fuel transition plan. Is there such a think in New Zealand?

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95 Comments

    • Alan Wilkinson

       /  April 13, 2018

      Only one side knows what they are talking about and it isn’t the Greens. It is those with a lifetime of experience in the industry.

      Trite crap from Lew.

      • Griff

         /  April 13, 2018

        Alan
        Yesterday I posted a rather stunning graph of how wrong the IEA is repeatedly when it comes to our energy future .
        International Energy Agency.
        They are the legacy experts you are deferring to.
        Their job is to advise governments on the future path of energy yet they are demonstrable wrong .
        Here it is again just to remind you.

        Yet less than 24 hours later you are again ignoring reality and insisting the legacy industry’s know all there is about energy.
        Humanity is in the process of a transition in the way we approach energy.
        Your views are the equivalence of MSM claiming the internet will never impact the way they operate.
        Or IBM saying PC’s will never take over from mainframes .

        • Alan Wilkinson

           /  April 13, 2018

          I’m not saying they know everything about energy. I’m saying they know better than most about their industry and that the Greens know f.a. about anything.

          • Griff

             /  April 13, 2018

            Only one side knows e>what they are talking about and it isn’t the Greens. It is those with a lifetime of experience in the industry

            1 I am not a “Green” never have been and never will be.
            2 legacy industry’s know all there is about…legacy industry’s.
            3 The world is demonstrably moving away from fossil fuels as climate change begins to bite at our economy’s.
            4 The Paris climate accord signed by every goveremnt in the world seeks to limit CO2 to a level that will result in less than 2C warming over the next century.
            5 To do so we will not only need to limit emissions we will need to remove CO2 from the atmosphere* at huge cost using technology we do not have.
            6 Known World fossil fuel reserves are considerably more than we could burn to stay within this agreed limit .
            7 Any oil discovered now would be adding to reserves we already know we can not use .
            8 As we could not use any new discovery’s investing on oil exploration is wasted effort.
            9 We are better off focusing effort on what is coming than looking only at our past energy technology for our future needs.

            *

        • David

           /  April 13, 2018

          “Humanity is in the process of a transition in the way we approach energy.”

          That makes this ban utterly pointless gesturing then. If the change is occurring organically, no one will be exploring for O&G at all because we can get all the energy we need from solar.

          • PartisanZ

             /  April 13, 2018

            It would if it was actually a ‘ban’ … in the alarmist way that word is now being tossed around willy-nilly as if O&G is banned as of tomorrow …

            It is a ‘ban’ of sorts or “stop” to NEW O&G exploration licenses as part of a 30 year transition towards zero emissions …

            I dispute that this transition can ever happen ‘organically’ because of Machiavellian economics, which will go on bleeding the planet of resources and upping the price of the resulting ‘commodities’ as long as there’s a ‘profit’ in it …

            Slavery didn’t end ‘organically’ …

          • robertguyton

             /  April 13, 2018

            We’ll never get all the energy we are accustomed to now, from anything other than oil, David. That’s what’s creating the angst. Continuing to burn oil to satisfy our needs desires will result in catastrophe for us all. But hey, Simon says…

            • High Flying Duck

               /  April 13, 2018

              Thankfully capitalism and the search for efficiency is making a big difference.
              I have LED lighting and heat pump hot water at home and power bills have shrunk considerably.
              New cars, even the IC type are far more efficient than historical counterparts. We are constantly learning to do more with less.

            • robertguyton

               /  April 13, 2018

              Sadly, the availability oil oil meant we abandoned the “more with less” thinking and splurged like drunken monkeys on the easy stuff. It’s over now, as we’ve discovered that the cost is environmental collapse. We’re going to have troubles ahead, and lessening our power-diet will not avert many of those. A change in our thinking though, will help us weather the storm.

            • Blazer

               /  April 13, 2018

              @HFD…Capitalism cannot claim any exclusive record of discovery…or invention.

            • Kitty Catkin

               /  April 13, 2018

              I like incandescent light, it’s much better for reading by. I also wonder whether the difference in price between the incandescent and other bulbs is made up for in the running cost.

              The UK’s leading eye expert has stocked up on incandescent bulbs, enough to last his lifetime, he says.

            • Gezza

               /  April 13, 2018

              I’ve found eco bulbs useless, very poor light. What about these new LED ones? Supposed to be very efficient altho expensive upfront. Have you tried any of those? I just got two a couple of weeks ago: there was a 2 for
              $14 special at NW. Never thought to check Trademe. They were flying off the shelf (so to speak). Haven’t fitted them yet.

            • Alan Wilkinson

               /  April 13, 2018

              I’ve found a lot of these LEDs have a short life despite the opposite claim for them. I’m guessing it is the consequence of them having to break down the voltage somehow. Haven’t investigated how that is done.

            • David

               /  April 13, 2018

              “We’ll never get all the energy we are accustomed to now, from anything other than oil, David. That’s what’s creating the angst. Continuing to burn oil to satisfy our needs desires will result in catastrophe for us all. But hey, ”
              Good for you to be honest about it. You do understand that less energy means everyone is poorer don’t you? That is your policy.

            • David

               /  April 13, 2018

              “I like incandescent light, it’s much better for reading by. ”

              They don’t contain mercury either, unlike there ‘green’ replacements.

            • robertguyton

               /  April 13, 2018

              I do understand, David, that continuing to consume fossil fuels the way we have been and as you propose will ruin us all.

            • Kitty Catkin

               /  April 13, 2018

              As the low-energy bulbs ARE low energy, they put out less light. More than one eye specialist has claimed that they lead to macular degeneration. No, thank you, I prefer not to risk blindness to save a bit on the power bill. They are glary and hard to read by, and they make everything and everyone look awful.

              I know that one of my incandescents, a sittingroom one, lasted more than two years because it replaced one that blew on New Year’s Day so was easy to remember.It blew when the fuse went in last week’s power cut, but its partner didn’t and it was going before the other one was.

            • Gezza

               /  April 13, 2018

              The only thing is Kitty if you buy Phillips standard bulbs and they’re made in Indonesia, expect them to last 3-6 months.

  1. If the greens believed their BS the parliamentary wing would be domiciled in Wellington

    • robertguyton

       /  April 13, 2018

      With their families? At the taxpayers pleasure?

      • Kitty Catkin

         /  April 13, 2018

        At Her Majesty’s Pleasure would be better.

  2. David

     /  April 13, 2018

    The left never have a plan beyond stage 1

    • Gezza

       /  April 13, 2018

      To be fair free university / tertiary education for stage 1 only is still a year’s free education & better than nothing.

  3. robertguyton

     /  April 13, 2018

    The Greens have made the first move – all parties should now attend the need for a plan. Bridges and co are actively trying to knee-cap New Zealand’s progress on this issue – shameful.

    • Alan Wilkinson

       /  April 13, 2018

      Act now, plan later. How could that possibly go wrong, Robert?

      • robertguyton

         /  April 13, 2018

        Emergency measure, Alan. If no brave action was ever taken, nothing would be done. Kudos to the Greens for their bravery.

        • Alan Wilkinson

           /  April 13, 2018

          There was no emergency until they acted. Now there is. Kudos for stupidity.

          • robertguyton

             /  April 13, 2018

            Climate “difficulties”, Alan, that’s what’s emerging; ask the insurance companies and Local Government New Zealand; they know perfectly well that which you are blinding yourself to.

            • Alan Wilkinson

               /  April 13, 2018

              LGNZ is as self-serving bunch of bureaucratic scumbags as ever existed. Believing anything they say is just absurd. The insurance companies have hiked premiums because of earthquakes, not climate change.

    • Gezza

       /  April 13, 2018

      Labour has made the first move.
      The Greens have been allowed to play. There does need to be a plan but it might yet be to get rid of the Greens asap in some places.

      • Kitty Catkin

         /  April 13, 2018

        Don’t you do it that way, Alan ? How ungreen of you.

  4. David

     /  April 13, 2018

    “That doesn’t make sense from bridges.”

    It does make sense. The simple way to eliminate coal is to find more gas. All existing, low cost technology that can be in operation quickly.

    • robertguyton

       /  April 13, 2018

      Gas is no solution. Gas increases climate instability too.

      • Kitty Catkin

         /  April 13, 2018

        How did climate change happen in the past before gas was used and when wood was probably the commonest fuel – and electricity as we know it centuries away from being harnessed and used ?

        • robertguyton

           /  April 13, 2018

          Is your question a joke, Kitty? Do you really not know any processes involved in climate?

          • Kitty Catkin

             /  April 13, 2018

            Oh, do stop being tiresome. You’re as bad as Corky.

          • Kitty Catkin

             /  April 13, 2018

            I was asking you. How will not using plastic bags and other feel-good actions stop the climate changing when it has changed before of its own accord ? I predict that one day people will look at this era with disbelief at the gullibility of the people who believed this.

            • robertguyton

               /  April 13, 2018

              Kitty, you’re a full-blown climate-change denier, somehow able to look reality in the face and not recognise it at all – big ups!
              Your prediction, btw, is daftly sad/sadly daft.

            • Kitty Catkin

               /  April 13, 2018

              That’s utter rubbish and you must know it. ‘Climate change denier’ is the silly response to anyone who questions the reasons given for the change as if by doing so they are denying that it’s happening, Squawking ‘Climate change denier !’ seems, in the squawker’s mind, to make a diversion from having to give evidence that human beings can influence it. You seem to be unaware that global warming has happened before and spontaneously stopped. At any rate, you have failed to say how and why this happened. Meshuggeneh.

            • Kitty Catkin

               /  April 13, 2018

              You are, alas, as tedious a troll as the late, unlamented Corky.

      • David

         /  April 13, 2018

        “Gas is no solution. Gas increases climate instability too.”

        Your choices;

        Keep using coal until a new technology arrives that works
        Change to gas now
        Shut down the industry

        Pick one.

        • robertguyton

           /  April 13, 2018

          “Pick one”
          Simplistic thinking such as yours is unappealing, David; the solutions, if they exist at all, will be nuanced, not blunt “pick one only” as you believe.

          • Kitty Catkin

             /  April 13, 2018

            I bet that you use a computer and don’t walk to Pete and hand deliver your posts. What do you think that it’s made of ? And your phone ? And other appliances ?

            Do that which I say, not that which I do.

            What seems to turn people off the Greens is their smugness and know-all attitude. Nobody likes a smart-arse.

            • robertguyton

               /  April 13, 2018

              Kitty (with a perception so brilliant it casts the sun into shadow) said:
              “I bet that you use a computer *wow! Are you clairvoyant or what, Kitty!!!? and don’t walk to Pete and hand deliver your posts. What do you think that it’s made of ? Various materials, to answer your devilishly clever question And your phone ? Same! Great question – I was floored!! And other appliances ? Aw, crumbs, that’s a toughie! Same as the others?? Am I close???

              Do that which I say, not that which I do.
              What have I said you oughtn’t to do, Kitty? I can’t find where this might have occurred; happy to be shown by you .

              What seems to turn people off the Greens is their smugness and know-all attitude. Nobody likes a smart-arse.
              I’m not here “to be liked”, Kitty. I’m here ’cause Pete needs a counter to some of the odd-bods who hang out here; you, Kitty, for example

              0 1 Rate This Pretty lame

            • Kitty Catkin

               /  April 13, 2018

              Oh dear. One tiresome troll vanishes, another appears to take his place.

              You are happy to use appliances whose materials use oil, it seems, while telling other people of the evils of oil – and avoiding answering questions by spouting abuse and insults.

            • Gezza

               /  April 13, 2018

              She might just be testing how much of you is smart, & how much of you is arse, Robert?

            • robertguyton

               /  April 13, 2018

              True, Gezza; the proportion is 95:5/5:95 (I’m of slender build)

        • Griff

           /  April 13, 2018

          ROFL
          yess dave
          There are no options but burning fossil fuels or death .
          As fossil fuels will run out eventually any way we may as well stick out heads between our knees and kiss humanity good bye .
          Meantime we use electricity in this country
          Almost all comes from sources that are not coal or gas
          Of course you will now turn off the computer because it is running on renewable energy and go hug a nice lump of coal
          Here is a song to go along with that.
          Manchester circa 1949.

          My pommy ancestors lived across the road from the coal gas works .
          It was a shite place to grow up in by all accounts
          Almost as bad as the coal mining village the welsh side lived in.

  5. Traveller

     /  April 13, 2018

    If this arbitrary non consultation is the Coalition’s way of ending our reliance on fossil fuel; i.e, that it is a “plan” for addressing climate change then Heaven help us.

    Please can anyone tell me how that anything it’s imagining, it’s planning,it’s implementation and in it’s treatment of our citizens is acceptable.

    I am struggling to recall any action taken with such little thought to consequence, so capable of such economical and social devastation in any government past.

    • PartisanZ

       /  April 13, 2018

      Taranaki is hard-core National, Right?

      So if proof of the supposed non-consultation comes in the form of indelibly National Party Taranaki and O&G industry leaders simply saying there’s been no consultation … I say “show me some evidence, show me the proof” …

      Why hasn’t some enterprising journalist simply asked Jacinda and/or Megan if they consulted with industry officials before making the announcement?

  6. BobJ

     /  April 13, 2018

    If NZ became ‘carbon neutral’ tomorrow how much difference would it make to actual global emissions… three fifths of bugger all!!!

    • robertguyton

       /  April 13, 2018

      Lead, BobJ – losers follow.

      • Gezza

         /  April 13, 2018

        Are you a follower of the Greens?

        • robertguyton

           /  April 13, 2018

          Far to indépendant-a-thinker to follow anyone, Gezza. I like to champion them though, Gezza, as I do anyone bullied by the Righteous.

        • Blazer

           /  April 13, 2018

          no he just…eats..them.

          • Gezza

             /  April 13, 2018

            They nearly ate Labour, until Metiria a overate, so to speak. Labour needs to keep an eye out that they don’t try again.

    • PartisanZ

       /  April 13, 2018

      BobJ, just as well it isn’t ‘carbon neutral’ happening “tomorrow” then, eh?

      Indeed, it’s happening on roughly the same time-scale as a whole bunch of other responsible nations’ emission targets …

      http://climatechangeauthority.gov.au/comparing-countries-emissions-targets

    • Griff

       /  April 13, 2018

      One of the all time dumb arguments from the right wing.
      Once we all chucked shite out the window.
      As I only do one shite a day my impact is small.
      So I don’t personally see a need to stop chucking my shite out the window…..

      NZ per capita emissions is seventh highest in the world.
      Each of us is responsible for our own small fraction of that.
      We all need to change.
      If we don’t do so willingly we will be forced to by our trading partners.
      We are exposed by our distance to markets.
      Freight miles are a sword hanging over this country’s trade. We need to counteract this threat by being seen as a leader not a shirker when it comes to CO2 emissions .

      • PartisanZ

         /  April 13, 2018

        “One of the all time dumb arguments from the right wing” …

        And there are so many to choose from …

      • Gerrit

         /  April 13, 2018

        Goes back to the question the Pete George asked;

        “Greens do a good job at promoting alternative views, but they do a bad job of explaining what any viable alternatives would actually be.

        I would really like to see a fossil fuel transition plan. Is there such a think in New Zealand?”

        What is the transitional plan?

        Problem is the “we” part in your statement; “We need to counteract this threat by being seen as a leader not a shirker when it comes to CO2 emissions.”

        “We” incorporates a large number of private enterprises well as the state. So will the state lead? Or is the expectation that private enterprise will lead?

        For private enterprise to lead requires capital; for R+D, prototyping and testing, market evaluation, retooling, retraining, restocking, etc.

        Very large capital commitment that I would suggest not many would be prepared to take.

        Now the state could lead with bucketful of the tradeable sectors tax payers dollars.. But how much and which industry will be supported?

      • David

         /  April 13, 2018

        “NZ per capita emissions is seventh highest in the world.”

        No it’s not. NZ emits around 7.6 tons per capita. That puts us at about 25th in the world, behind all the major economies, and about average for the EU countries. The gold standard for carbon dioxide emissions is Mali at just 0.1 tons per capita.

        “We all need to change.”

        Nothing stopping you to make the change you want yourself.

        “If we don’t do so willingly we will be forced to by our trading partners.”

        I doubt that very much.

        “Freight miles are a sword hanging over this country’s trade. We need to counteract this threat by being seen as a leader not a shirker when it comes to CO2 emissions .”

        Cool, have that discussion with people, low carbon future and poverty, or higher carbon and wealth.

        • Griff

           /  April 13, 2018

          Yip Dave i pulled that from the first link that came up and i did not read it carefully.
          We are seven from the top for industrialized nations .
          https://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/331646/nz-seventh-worst-on-emissions-of-41-nations

          As to the rest of your rant .
          Griff is carbon neutral .

          Cool, have that discussion with people, low carbon future and poverty, or higher carbon and wealth.

          Using the results from formal economic models, the Review estimates that if we don’t act, the overall costs and risks of climate change will be equivalent to losing at least 5% of global GDP each year, now and forever. If a wider range of risks and impacts is taken into account, the estimates of damage could rise to 20% of GDP or more.
          In contrast, the costs of action – reducing greenhouse gas emissions to avoid the worst impacts of climate change – can be limited to around 1% of global GDP each
          year. The investment that takes place in the next 10-20 years will have a profound effect on the climate in the second half of this century and in the next.

          Our actions now and over the coming decades could create risks of major disruption to economic and social activity, on a scale similar to those associated with the great wars and the economic depression of the first half of the 20th century. And it will be difficult or impossible to reverse these changes.

          stern review.

          The only ones who disagree are a few loony tunes that dispute global warming and luck warmers like lomberg who are forced to massage their statistics to come to any other conclusion .
          The insurance industry globally is warning about increasing cost.
          https://www.cisl.cam.ac.uk/business-action/sustainable-finance/climatewise/news/insurance-leaders-warn-protection-gap-due-to-impact-climate-risks
          A are scientific bodys like the royal society.
          https://royalsociety.org.nz/what-we-do/our-expert-advice/all-expert-advice-papers/climate-change-implications-for-new-zealand/
          Do nothing and face ever escalating costs of climate change or reduce emissions and look forward to a better future.

          As usual for a right winger when this comes up you rely on facts from your arse.
          That is why i no longer consider my self a member of the right wing after voting for ACT since their inception..
          To many smegwits divorced from reality.

  7. Zedd

     /  April 13, 2018

    more from my rant yesterday.. HEMP for biofuels etc.

    • David

       /  April 13, 2018

      My post from yesterday. Hemp has a poor yield in terms of energy/ha. To produce enough fuel to power any significant scale, you need to take vast amounts of food producing land. Less food = higher food prices = starvation in poorer countries.

      What a wonderful idea you have.

      • Zedd

         /  April 13, 2018

        did you watch it David ?

        • David

           /  April 13, 2018

          As much as I could handle. It just reinforces my belief that anyone who thinks hemp is the solution to anything spends too much time stoned.

          • robertguyton

             /  April 13, 2018

            “It just reinforces my belief”
            Everything you see reinforces your belief, David; you’ve a chronic case of Confirmation Bias. Try leeches, perhaps, applied to you one eye.

          • Zedd

             /  April 13, 2018

            I admit my ‘exposure to M-J’ is what ‘introduced me’ to other uses of cannabis.. BUT Im not one of these folks who thinks that its all about M-J

            In fact if it wasn’t for all the LIES/hysteria/disinfo. about M-J, we would have a med-use & hemp industries already.

            btw; IF Mr Jones hadn’t made his ridiculous comments about ‘Electric puha’ which he also compared to Industrial Hemp.. maybe he would also realise he doesn’t have to plant 1 billion trees.. he could plant 10billion Hemp plants.. they take months to grow & take up similar levels of CO2; can be used to make paper, building materials etc.

            Dont shoot me Im just a messenger. :/

  8. Kitty Catkin

     /  April 13, 2018

    The Greens would probably like us all to use cars like Fred Flintstone’s one.

    I saw a bumper sticker ‘Ban all mining. Let the bastards freeze in the dark.’

    • robertguyton

       /  April 13, 2018

      Hilarious, Kitty, “Fred Flintstone car…” I almost cried from the belly-laughing!

  9. Alan Wilkinson

     /  April 13, 2018

    Waiting for the Greens to light their homes with tame glowworms. Come on Robert, innovate to save the planet.

    • robertguyton

       /  April 13, 2018

      I’ve dug a grotto and am awaiting their arrival, Alan. In any case, it won’t be long till fireflies arrive here; every other foreign organism is. In fact, bioluminescent fungi seem to be a way forward for lighting out futures. I know, clever, green thinking sticks in your craw, but you wanna hope you never need a leech to drain coagulated blood from any of your important parts; I’m sure you’d reject them on principle and die and bloated but self-satisfied death.

      • Alan Wilkinson

         /  April 13, 2018

        Why would I need a leech when we have a Lefty Government and IRD, Robert?

        • Kitty Catkin

           /  April 13, 2018

          Alan. does it seem to you that someone has mastered the art of block ticking ?

  10. Kitty Catkin

     /  April 13, 2018

    Does anyone remember when the Greens and Labour wanted to force everyone to have showers that used a tiny amount of water ? Campbell Live had a model with long hair demonstrated what it was like washing it in one. No surprises there, it took twice as long and the model said that it was becoming monotonous. It was too complicated for the would-be legislators to work out that people who had half as much water coming out would need to spend twice as long getting clean.

  11. admiralvonspee

     /  April 13, 2018

    One can only hope “NZ’s innovation” backed by MP Woods, Swarbrick et al. outperforms the US clean/renewable energy catacomb of corpses….so far. No pressure.

    ** 2016-17 **
    Beamreach (thin-silicon/C&I rooftop) insolvent
    OneRoof Energy (residential solar) closed
    NRG Home Solar (residential) closed
    Aquion (saltwater batteries) closed operations and acquired by Chinese holding company
    Sungevity (residential solar) bankrupt
    Westinghouse (nuclear reactors) bankrupt
    Suniva (PV cells and modules) bankrupt
    SolarWorld AG (PV cells and modules) bankrupt
    American Solar Direct (residential solar) bankrupt
    Direct Energy Solar (residential solar) closed residential arm
    V.C. Summer Nuclear Station (nuclear power plant) closed
    Alevo (battery maker) bankrupt
    Exosun (solar trackers) bankrupt
    Lee Nuclear Station (nuclear power plant) closed
    Levy Nuclear Project (nuclear power plant) closed
    Stion (thin-film solar) bankrupt
    LightSail Energy (compressed air energy storage) bankrupt

    ** 2015 **
    Enecsys (microinverters) bankrupt
    QBotix (trackers) closed
    Solar-Fabrik (c-Si) bankrupt
    Soitec (CPV) closed
    TSMC (CIGS) closed

    ** 2014 **
    Areva’s solar business (CSP) closed
    HelioVolt (CIGS thin-film PV) closed
    LDK (vertically integrated module builder) filed for bankruptcy
    Sopogy (small-scale CSP) closed
    TEL (a-Si) withdrew from its a-Si solar business
    Xunlight (a-Si) bankrupt

    ** 2013 **
    Array Converter (Module-level power electronics) bankrupt, IP to VC investor
    Avancis (CIGS) discontinuing production
    Bosch (c-Si PV module) exited module business
    Concentrator Optics (CPV) bankrupt
    Cyrium (CPV semiconductors) bankrupt
    Direct Grid (microinverters) closed
    GreenRay (microinverters) closed
    Helios Solar (c-Si modules) bankrupt
    Hoku Solar (silicon) bankrupt
    Honda Soltec (CIGS thin-film modules) closing
    Infinia (Stirling engine CSP) bankrupt
    Nanosolar (CIGS) closed
    Pythagoras Solar (BIPV) closed
    Solarion (CIGS) went bankrupt but restructured and in limited production
    SolFocus (CPV) bankrupt
    Sunsil (module level electronics) closed
    Suntech Wuxi (c-Si) bankrupt
    Tioga (project developer) closed
    Willard & Kelsey (CdTe panels) bankrupt
    ZenithSolar (CHP) bankrupt

    ** 2012 **
    Abound Solar (CdTe) bankrupt
    AQT (CIGS) closed
    Ammonia (CPV) closed
    Ampulse (thin silicon) closed
    Arise Technology (PV modules) bankrupt
    Azuray (microinverters) closed
    BP (c-Si panels) exits solar business
    Centrotherm (PV manufacturing equipment) bankrupt and restructured
    CSG (c-Si on glass) closed by Suntech
    Day4 Energy (cell interconnects) delisted from TSX exchange
    ECD (a-Si) bankrupt
    Energy Innovations (CPV) bankrupt
    Flexcell (a-Si roll-roll BIPV) closed
    Gadir Solar (a-Si PV) Spain-based customer of Oerlikon Solar closed
    GlobalWatt (solar) closed
    GreenVolts (CPV) closed
    G24i (DSCs) bankrupt in 2012, re-emerged as G24i Power with new investors
    Hoku (polysilicon) shut down its Idaho polysilicon production facility
    Inventux (a-Si) bankrupt
    Konarka (OSCs) bankrupt
    Odersun (CIGS) bankrupt
    Pramac (a-Si panels built with equipment from Oerlikon) insolvent
    Pairan (Germany, inverters) insolvent
    Ralos (developer) bankrupt
    REC Wafer (c-Si) bankrupt
    Satcon (BoS) bankrupt
    Schott (c-Si) exits c-Si business
    Schuco (a-Si) shutting down its a-Si business
    Sencera (a-Si) closed
    Siliken (c-Si modules) closed
    Skyline Solar (LCPV) closed
    Siemens (CSP, inverters, BOS) divestment from solar
    Solar Millennium (developer) insolvent
    Solarhybrid (developer) insolvent
    Sovello (Q-Cells, Evergreen, REC JV) bankrupt
    SolarDay (c-Si modules) insolvent
    Solar Power Industries (PV modules) bankrupt
    Soltecture (CIGS BIPV) bankrupt
    Sun Concept (developer) bankrupt

    ** 2011 **
    EPV Solar (a-Si) bankrupt
    Evergreen (drawn Si) bankrupt
    Solyndra (CIGS) bankrupt
    SpectraWatt (c-Si) bankrupt
    Stirling Energy Systems (dish engine) bankrupt

    ** 2009-10 **
    Advent Solar (emitter wrap-through Si) acquired by Applied Materials
    Applied Solar (solar roofing) acquired by Quercus Trust
    OptiSolar (a-Si on a grand scale) — OptiSolar’s utility projects were acquired by First Solar; its manufacturing line was sold to NovaSolar.
    Ready Solar (PV installation) acquired by SunEdison
    Solasta (nano-coaxial solar) closed
    SV Solar (low-concentration PV) closed
    Senergen (depositing silane onto free-form metallurgical-grade Si substrates) closed
    Signet Solar (a-Si) bankrupt
    Sunfilm (a-Si) bankrupt
    Wakonda (GaAs) acquired by Siva