New legal framework for Alert Level 2 to be introduced today

While the Government claims that restrictions under Alert Level 4 and 3 were legal they are still introducing a bill into Parliament today aimed at providing a new law “providing a legal framework for Covid-19 Alert Level 2”.

They say they don’t want to rely on a National State of Emergency for the lower level, but they didn’t back in March when we first went into lockdown in Marchh. See Prime Minister’s statement on State of National Emergency and Epidemic Notice

Having considered the advice of the Director Civil Defence Emergency Management, the Minister of Civil Defence declared a State of National Emergency for the whole of New Zealand under section 66 of the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act 2002 on March the 25th 2020 at 12.21pm.

Also, under section 5 of the Epidemic Preparedness Act 2006, yesterday I issued an Epidemic Notice, nationwide, to help ensure the continuity of essential Government business due to the unprecedented effects of the global pandemic, COVID-19, which is likely to significantly disrupt essential governmental and business activity in New Zealand.

This Epidemic Notice came into effect today, the 25th of March 2020, just after midnight and it will remain for three months with ongoing review, and from which, now further Epidemic Management Notices and Epidemic Modification Orders can be given…

We went to Alert Level 2 before that, on 21 March, and then to Alert Level 3 on 23 March, before the state of emergency was announced and before the Epidemic Notice was issued.

Things had to be done urgently, but they also should have been done legally.

From the Beehive: Covid-19 response: New legal framework to be debated tomorrow ahead of Alert Level 2

The Government intends to pass the COVID-19 Public Health Response Bill through all stages on Tuesday 12 May so that it can be enacted by Wednesday 13 May.

“As I announced on Friday, the changes will ensure controls on gatherings of people and physical distancing are still enforceable,” Attorney-General David Parker said today.

Enforceability to date has relied on the Epidemic Notice, the Health Act and the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act.

As shown above, apparently not under the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act for the first level 2 and 3, and also not under the Epidemic Notice.

“There will be fewer restrictions under Alert Level 2 but those remaining still need to be enforceable. We don’t want these narrower controls to rely on a National State of Emergency. “

This suggests that the first restrictions under Alert Level 2 and 3 were not legally enforceable.

“However, the regulatory backup provided by the new law allows us to address behaviour at Alert Level 2 that is particularly harmful to the public health objective, and to demonstrate to those who are complying voluntarily that non-compliance will not be tolerated,” he said.

“We need the legislation in place before Level 2 starts.

“The Government has assessed there is not time for the usual select committee process but we do want a necessarily brief opportunity for comment on the bill. Therefore we have released a disclosure draft of the Bill to the Opposition and experts, and have invited comment on it by 10am, Tuesday 12 May.

Parliament re-opened last week, and they should have foreseen the need before the last minute (last day). Perhaps the judicial review filed in the High Court last week has prompted an attempt to make the lower alert levels legal.

“I reiterate there has been no gap in the legal underpinning or in the enforcement powers under the notices that have been issued under Level 3 and Level 4. This bill does not retrospectively change them.”

The dates above suggest otherwise, and it also puts into further question the legal underpinning of the enforcement powers for Alert Level 2 (and 3) back in March.

It’s good to see them getting the legal side of the lockdowns tidied up, but Parker shouldn’t have claimed it was fine from the start.

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  1. Alan Wilkinson

     /  12th May 2020

    Still dishonestly manipulating the media and public.

  2. Reply
    • Duker

       /  12th May 2020

      Different circumstances …it was legal advice on the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, which the Commons would be voting on.
      Edgeler misleads by saying Commons ‘exercised a power ‘ …it was a vote in the house, firstly the government abstained on a vote original motion and later lost contempt motion.(311 votes to 293) and with Bercow helping them along.
      A similar situation happened with the legal advice over the Iraq war, defeated by 283 to 192
      Very misleading to say Commons excising ‘a power’ when its just a partisan vote.

      Nowhere is it said that a Committee of the Commons was asking for the Legal advice.
      Edgeler just says the Committee is the Commons … some more blather about 1865 …

      Good luck with getting that in NZ parliament where national is a minority

      • Alan Wilkinson

         /  12th May 2020

        Good luck with your Bush Lawyer of the Year title bid, but I think Dermot is still ahead of you.

        • Duker

           /  12th May 2020

          You cant even get this countries legal framework right…confusing us with some other country with a constitution.
          The Judge will agree with me on the substance when Borrowdale is decided, but of course your legal bluster will continue

  3. Alan Wilkinson

     /  12th May 2020

    We need the courts to determine the point where we need to surround the Beehive and tell them to come out with their hands up.

    • Gezza

       /  12th May 2020

      Too harsh. Can’t agree with that description after reading the article.

      • Alan Wilkinson

         /  12th May 2020

        So why can they open them now? Except of course that then they planned to fly 600 infected people into the country and turn them loose.

  4. Alan Wilkinson

     /  12th May 2020

    Pertinent comment from the UK:
    Anyone contemplating reopening a business, and a small business most of all, faces potentially ruinous legal claims, fines for breaching safety rules, and unions itching to blow the whistle on managers who are simply trying to do their job in incredibly difficult circumstances. We need to make sure companies are not reckless, but we also need to limit liability claims, suspend regulations, and keep unions under control. If we don’t, businesses simply won’t risk reopening – and our economy will never recover.

  1. Covid-19 Public Health Response Bill ‘appears to be consistent’ with Bill of Rights Act – MoJ | Your NZ
  2. The Covid-19 Public Health Response Bill under urgency in Parliament | Your NZ

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